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What is Cybersecurity? Everything You Need to Know

    Cybersecurity has become a popular topic in recent years. The leap in technology has made it so much easier for hackers to penetrate systems, yet the consequences are exponentially greater. Whether you are a large company or an individual, without cybersecurity, you are susceptible to being hacked. At its most basic, cybersecurity is the protection of digital systems, software, hardware, networks, and the data stored therein from threats. 

    In this article we will discuss cyber security and Why is cybersecurity important?

    What is Cybersecurity?

    Cyber security is the process of protecting a computer, a network, a program, a data center, a human, an organization, a society, and a nation from cyberattacks. It typically includes a combination of communication and computer security methods and tools, which together, help prevent unauthorized access to private communication, data, and devices. Cyberattacks can come in many forms ranging from viruses and malware, to spam emails and denial of service attacks.

    Attacks that come from cyber criminals often seek to steal your identity. Cyberattacks can also come from hackers who want to disrupt how society functions, as well as nations who want to disrupt how nations function. All of these cyberattacks can make information on the internet public if not protected from cybersecurity.

    Why Cybersecurity is Important?

    The truth is, with the release of new technologies, hackers are discovering new ways to steal information or damage companies. One of the most common ways for hackers to steal information is by installing malware on devices.

    This is most efficient when it happens in the commission of another crime, like the theft of a laptop.
    The internet is one of the most used resources in day-to-day life. Everything from banking information to credit card information is sent through the internet.

    If someone wanted to steal that information, they only have to get the person to open an email attachment or download an infected piece of software. With all of this potential for disaster, it is important to make sure that the networks are protected. One way to do this is to create company directives. These directives are meant to enforce safety for all internet-connected devices.

    With cyber-attacks on the rise, it’s important to be safe online. Cyber security is necessary for all citizens, regardless of age or job. Unfortunately, many of us are putting our information at risk of being hacked.
    To help you stay safe online, websites are starting to implement password vaults to encrypt your passwords, so they are no longer easy to hack.
    Taking a few more precautions can help you avoid being a victim of cyber-attacks.

    Different types of cybersecurity threats

    Some of the most common types of cybersecurity threats are viruses, malware, phishing, trojans, ransomware, denial of service incidents, hacks, and many others. Let’s discuss this one by one.

    Malware is malicious software that can infect a device and be used for a variety of purposes, often to commit a crime. Malware can be used to harvest private information from a computer, monitor the user’s actions, or even cause destruction to a file. In order to protect yourself from malware, make sure to use common sense online, such as only using official sources of programs, avoiding opening any links or attachments from unknown sources, and never clicking “yes”.

    A phishing attack generally entails convincing someone to comply with a malicious request, which typically includes downloading a file or entering personal information.  When you get a call or email from a masked number or a charity that you don’t recognize, just remember that a criminal may be watching. According to a report from Forbes, a phishing attack can go unnoticed until it is too late.

    Ransomware is a type of malware that infects a computer and restricts users’ access to data or forces them to pay a ransom to unlock the data. The best way to protect your computer from ransomware is to keep all applications up to date, use a good antivirus, and back up your files regularly. In order to not be affected by ransomware, you must have a good antivirus, back up your files regularly, and keep all your apps updated. 

    Distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attack is a type of destructive cyber-attack that floods a target with a huge volume of requests from multiple remote systems. the volume of requests from remote systems forces a particular system to slow down because it can not handle all the requests. In other words, a Denial-of-service attack uses every conceivable method to prevent a machine from responding to a user’s needs. In modern information society where computer networks have been widely used, the frequency of DDoS attacks has been sharply increasing. This is because DDoS attacks are easy to commit. Even a small computer can be a carrier of a DDoS attack.

    Advanced persistent threats (APTs) are sophisticated, persistent methods of cyber-attack used for collecting intelligence on or compromising an organization’s sensitive information. When an APT starts, it usually goes unnoticed, and it seldom ceases without some form of notification. APTs are becoming more common.

    To save yourself from APTs Attacks follow these steps:

    • Protect against vulnerabilities
    • Frequency of security audits
    • Phishing training for employees
    • Stronger passwords

    An APT can come in many different forms. A few of these forms include:

    • Logic bomb with the intent to disrupt 
    • Advanced Data Capture  
    • Memory-scraping malware that collects data when in memory 

    Man-in-the-middle attacks in which hackers intercept communications between computers are relatively rare. The most dangerous type of man-in-the-middle attack is when the hacker manages to impersonate both ends of the conversation.

    Cyber Security Tools

    There are a lot of security tools available, and a lot of information on the internet about what type of tools to use, who should be using them, and how. Here are Common security tools and systems include:

    • Firewall
    • Virtual private networks (VPN)
    • Anti-malware software
    • Endpoint security
    • Security information and event management (SIEM)
    • Wireless security
    • Web security
    • Data loss prevent
    • Cloud workload protection platform
    • Email security

    Tips To Protect Yourself Against Cyberattacks

    Cyber Security is an extensive techno-field that is difficult to fully comprehend, but easy to take advantage of. By implementing simple steps to account for account security, you can protect yourself against cyberattacks. 

    1. Don’t forget passwords Don’t make it easy for hackers to guess your passwords. Create complicated passwords with a combination of letters and numbers. Avoid the same password for every account and use three-factor authentication to keep out would-be intruders.

    2. Cloud and backup Encrypt all your files and store them only in the cloud. Make sure to back up your files on a separate server.

    3. Update software Keep your software up-to-date by updating all the time. Also, avoid emails or texts that ask for personal information or money because it could be a virus.
    There’s no way to completely protect against cyberattacks, but these tips can help you fight back. 

    4. Use anti-virus software and update it regularly because it can easily catch and eliminate viruses and other types of malware that could be attacking your computer.

    Top Cyber Security Challenges

    The main cyber security challenges are the use of cloud storage for sensitive data, company culture, free WiFi, and too many users/password issues. For example, in 2016, the Obama administration created the Cybersecurity National Action Plan (CNAP) to combat attacks on the federal government’s databases.

    Further, the number of known IoT vulnerabilities were nearly doubled in 2017 to 245.  Top cybersecurity challenges 
    The main challenges in cybersecurity are the use of cloud storage for sensitive data, company culture, free WiFi, and too many users and password issues.

     For example, in 2016, the Obama administration created the Cybersecurity National Action Plan (CNAP) to combat attacks on the federal government’s databases. Further, the number of known IoT vulnerabilities were nearly doubled in 2017 to 245.

    72% of companies in the US experienced a data breach in the past two years. The acquisition of Yahoo in 2017 by Verizon added to this number, causing it to surpass 1 billion user accounts compromised. In face of these realities, it is important to continually engage in self-assessment to track company culture.

    If employees do not feel safe, they will not want to share valuable information with the company. It is also important to educate employees on the latest in cybersecurity in order to avoid susceptibility to attacks. 

    Cybersecurity is not just an issue for the government, but also for everyone who owns devices, devices, and networks. The ramifications of cyber attacks are far-reaching, and their effects can be devastating. Yet it is difficult to be proactive against cyber security threats.

    Cyber Security is an international problem that affects individual personal security and also national security. We have seen the potential disasters that can come from cyber attacks, and according to statistics, less than half of US adults are “very confident” in their ability to protect their personal information online.

    Companies are at the forefront of this battle, but governments are also an important player. and also should take responsibility for cyber security if their citizens are to be safe. The government has several different options when it comes to regulating cyber security.  The options include regulation or self-regulation, encouraging or discouraging private or public sector involvement,


    The government could impose security regulation on the private sector, public sector, or both (though it is unlikely that trading partners would be willing to cooperate with it).


    Instead of regulation, a government could opt for a more hands-off approach of encouraging voluntary self-regulation, including standardized codes of practice, educational campaigns, incentives, and liabilities for noncompliance of a voluntary cyber security standard.

    Final Thoughts

    Despite the complex information above, it is clear that the threats of cyber-attacks are growing and any business or person who accesses a computer or digital device is at risk. As we have seen, the consequences of cybercrime ranged from the loss of sensitive customer data to millions of dollars in financial losses.

    It is crucial for individuals and businesses alike to understand the importance of cybersecurity and measures that can be taken to protect against these potential threats. That is why, whether you have your own business or you are working for a large company, it is imperative that you understand and get yourself prepared for what can happen when cybersecurity isn’t put at the top of your priorities list.

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